Cover of: Introduction of non-indigenous species into existing ecosystems | United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations.

Introduction of non-indigenous species into existing ecosystems

hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, first session, on the introduction of non-indigenous species into existing ecosystems, the problems that are caused, and any solutions possible, with the zebra mussel as an example.
  • 89 Pages
  • 4.21 MB
  • English
U.S. G.P.O., For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office , Washington
Zebra mussel -- Control -- United States., Animal introduction -- United States., Biotic communities -- United St


United St

LC ClassificationsKF27 .M474 1991g
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 89 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1359714M
ISBN 100160357500
LC Control Number92600233

Introduction of non-indigenous species into existing ecosystems: hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, first session, on the introduction of non-indigenous species into existing ecosystems, the problems that are.

An introduced species, alien species, exotic species, foreign species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species is a species living outside its native distributional range, but which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

Non-native species can have various effects on the local ecosystem. Introduced species that become established and spread. The impacts of introducing a non-native or invasive species to an ecosystem will vary depending on a number of factors.

In some instances, the introduced species may not survive. If there is no ecological niche for the species to fill or the species cannot adapt to fill a different ecological niche, the species will likely go extinct relatively quickly at the local level. Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, on the Introduction of Non-indigenous Species Into Existing Ecosystems, the Problems that are Caused, and Any Solutions Possible, with the Zebra Mussel as an Example.

The book's chapters speak to the wide reach of creativity and humor with different topics, such as play, culture, work, education, therapy, and social justice covered. As creativity and humor are individual traits and abilities that have each been studied in psychology, this book presents the latest information.

Many countries have passed laws and established programs to help monitor and limit the entry of non-native species, providing “blacklists” of plants and animals thought to be potentially harmful.

In the U.S., a mandate exists for ballast management of all ships entering U.S. waters from outside the Exclusive Economic Zone of the United States. Non-indigenous species have to be understood as a major pollution problem connected to every-day activities on all levels of society.

Description Introduction of non-indigenous species into existing ecosystems EPUB

Since the establishment of invasive species is nearly irreversible and attempts to eradicate populations of invasive organisms are mostly futile, a stringent prevention management on a global scale has to be Cited by: 3.

Introduction. Many marine non‐indigenous species (NIS) have been introduced into tropical and temperate zones in or on ships (Minton et al., ; Molnar et al., ).These have included economically and environmentally harmful species, difficult or impossible to eradicate (Bax et al., ).Management approaches to help prevent the introduction of.

One threat to these island species are non-native, invasive species. Non-native, invasive species are also called introduced species or exotic species and refers to plants and animals that originate elsewhere and are brought into a new area, where they may dominate the local species or in some way negatively impact the environment for native.

INTRODUCTION The Chesapeake Bay Policy for the Introduction of Non-Indigenous Aquatic Species adopted by the Chesapeake Bay Executive Council in December (hereafter the Policy) is intended to minimize the economic and/or ecological risks associated with first time introductions of non- indigenous aquatic species to waters of the Chesapeake Bay region.

Introduction of non-native species into UK wildlife. Over the centuries, non -native species (species not natural to the UK)have been introduced accidentally or deliberately into UK natural environment.

Details Introduction of non-indigenous species into existing ecosystems EPUB

They constitute a significant threat to the continued wellbeing and preservation of native UK species. 4 Module 1: Introduction to Invasive Alien Species distribution; including any part, gametes, seeds, eggs, or propagules of such species that might survive and subsequently reproduce’.

Synonymous terms such as non-native species or non-indigenous species are more precise and should be used in preference to terms as introduced, exotic, feral,File Size: KB.

Non-indigenous species (NIS), also known as alien species, are species introduced to areas outside their native range. NIS are defined as any live specimen of a species, subspecies or lower taxon of animals, plants, fungi or micro-organisms introduced outside their.

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Introduced species are introduced into an ecosystem and are usually beneficial or harmless. Some introduced species can be invasive and can destroy ecosystems.

These species reproduce rapidly and are often aggressive. Lacking natural predators, they easily outcompete native species and alter habitats. The introduction of non-indigenous species has diverse and complex consequences on ecosystems and associated services (Simberloff et al., ;Katsanevakis et al., ).

Within the DEVOTES project, a catalogue of existing indicators of marine biodiversity and closely related topics such as non-indigenous species, food-webs, and seafloor integrity (EU Marine. “Introduction event” data block.

The basic data entry in AquaNIS is an introduction event record, documenting a species introduction into a recipient region ().Here, the recipient region is a country and/or a country sub-area within a Large Marine Ecosystem (LME) or LME by: Multiple vectors exist for the introduction of new species of marine organisms into OSPAR regions, the most important being aquaculture and shipping.

Based on the available information on non-indigenous species in OSPAR areas, ICES selected species for this advice using the following basic criteria: 1. An Introduction to Invasives has written the best popular book yet on invasive nonindigenous species—and one that can profitably be read by every specialist in the field.

Treating the geography, history, causes, and consequences (i.e., ecological, economic, and human health) of invasions worldwide, he has managed to capture the essence of. The principles for managing ballast water 1 are similar to the basic principles of quarantine science.

The process of managing ballast water should prevent introductions of nonindigenous species, including bacteria, viruses, algae, protists, invertebrates, and fish.

A universally welcomed introduction. The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, is a widely introduced species now found on tropical beaches everywhere, such as this one in Hawaii. Although it probably originated in Melanesia (Purseglove ), it was rapidly moved throughout the tropics by mariners and farmers and has become widely found all over the Cited by:   Available data show that around 1 non-indigenous species (NIS) are present in the Europe’s seas, of which almost 81% (1 ) were recorded in the period The species in question consist mostly of invertebrates (approx.

63 %). The number of NIS is highest in the Mediterranean Sea, where almost 69 % () of all NIS have been recorded. A total of. Intentional introduction screens species for usefulness to humans and so might select for rapid growth and reproduction or carry species to suitable habitats, all which could promote invasiveness.

However, trade offs between growth and tolerance might make introduced species vulnerable to extreme climatic events and cause some invasions to be. Introduction.

Geographical barriers to species distribution are being increasingly broken down by human activities (Su et al., ) through intentional or unintentional introductions (Minchin et al., ) as species were moved out of their area to relatively new region for recreation, trade, food and other economic interests across recent times, the redistribution of species is Cited by: 2.

The book written by the eminent author Daniel Simberloff. The author is the professor of environmental studies in University of Tennessee. In he was named Eminent Ecologist in USA. The book is detailing on the controversial issues of the invasion of new species into existing ecosystems.

The book was published by OXFORD university press/5. Introduction of non-indigenous species. Ballast water is essential to the safe and efficient operation of shipping, providing balance and stability to ships.

Exchange of ballast water does however pose a risk to marine ecosystems as it includes marine species which can be introduced when releasing ballast water in other parts of the world. Non. A Call to Define the Impact of Non-Native Species. The introduction of species beyond their native range as a direct or indirect result of human action (termed non-native species here) causes changes in the ecosystems to which they are introduced.

In some cases, these changes are dramatic and may result in the extinction of native species or radical changes in Cited by: CSCS, 6b: Students will learn how to analyze changes in an ecosystem resulting from changes resulting in climate, human activity, introduction of non-native species, or changes in population size.

Students will learn about the effects that two species have had on ecosystems in which they were introduced. The Mediterranean Sea, a ‘sea in the middle of the land’ (), a semi‐enclosed sea at the crossroads between Europe, Africa and Asia, represents just % of the surface area of the world’s oceans [].It is the deepest (average m) and largest ( km 2) enclosed sea on Earth [] and from space looks like a narrow lake, stretching km from East to West and Cited by: 3.

Background. Global warming and the related increase in climate temperature has a cascading effect on the plants and animals of affected regions and habitats. Impacts may include an increase in CO 2, change in the pH of water, and possibly death of species. These factors often lead to physiological stress and challenges to native organisms in an ecosystem.

An Introduction to Marine Invasive Species - Introduction " Threatened or Endangered Species lists are at-risk because of non-native species (Pimentel et al. ).Making non-indigenous species information systems practical for management and useful for research: An aquatic perspective Sergej Olenina,⇑, Aleksas Naršcˇiusa, Dan Minchina,b, Matej Davidc, Bella Galild, Stephan Gollasche, Agnese Marchinif, Anna Occhipinti-Ambrogif, Henn Ojaveerg, Anastasija Zaikoa a Coastal Research and Planning Institute, Klaipeda University.

Ten recommendations for advancing the assessment and management of non-indigenous species in marine ecosystems Henn Ojaveera,n, Bella S.

Galilb, Dan Minchinc,d, Sergej Olenind, Ana Amorime, João Canning-Clodee,f,g, Paula Chainhoe, Gordon H. Copph, Stephan Gollaschi, Anders Jelmertj, Maiju Lehtiniemik, Cynthia McKenziel, Josip Mikušm, Laurence Miossecn.